Is your pet overweight?
Would you like to do something about it?
If the answer to both questions is “Yes!”, or if you are unsure, then please make an appointment for a free assessment and advice on feeding from Jazmine Davidson.
We have a set of stand-on animal scales and smaller scales for cats/rabbits which allow simple and accurate monitoring of changes in body weight. There is no charge for a “weigh-in”, and no appointment is necessary – just come in and use the scales when it suits you during our opening hours. If weight reduction is not occurring it is important to let one of our Vets or Nurses know so that we can advise on feeding quantities. We recommend weighing every 2-4 weeks during a weight loss programme.
What causes obesity?
There are some factors that contribute to obesity over which we have little control; such as breed, heredity, sex and age. However there are some factors that we can control – overfeeding at an early age, exposure to highly palatable foods, lack of physical activity, and pregnancy. Most obesity is caused simply because a pet eats more calories than he or she needs. This means they are eating too much food, having too little exercise, or a combination of both. The excess calories, unable to be used, are stored by the body as fat. Highly palatable commercial pet foods can encourage overeating (the food your pet most likes to eat may not necessarily be the best for him or her!).
Too many snacks or table scraps in addition to the normal diet can be an important cause for some pets. Some of these treats can be very high in calories. Reduced exercise and boredom can result in a pet not using all the calories they consume.
Potential consequences of being overweight
Heart Disease- as the body fat level increases so does the amount of work the heart has to do to pump the blood through the circulation. The oxygen demand on muscles to carry this excess weight is also increased which adds to the heart’s workload even further.
Tumours- In particular “Lipomas” or fatty tumours
Mobility Problems -Arthritis of the major joints (hips, knees, elbows). Damage to soft tissues such as muscles, ligaments, tendons (knee ligament ruptures are common).
Decrease in Quality of Life
Animals which are overweight tend to become more sedentary, and spend much of their time sleeping or resting.
Fit, animals in good condition are more alert, active, and interested in life.
Tips for successful weight loss
Divide the recommended daily amount into several small meals throughout the day. This will burn more calories as the digestive system is switched on more often. It also helps to reduce hunger and begging.
Do not allow the pet in the kitchen when meals are being prepared or in the same room when the family is eating meals.
Feed separately from other pets.
Have only one person responsible for feeding.
Feed all meals only in the pet’s bowl.
Provide non-food-related attention such as grooming and play.
Exercise the pet daily.
Beware of returning to old habits once your pet has reached its ideal weight. Remember; give your pet regular exercise, be careful with treats, and instruct the whole family on the very real need to be strict with feeding.